a perpetual political logic – Emilija Tudzarovska Gjorgjievska

The far-right’s expected victory in Sunday’s elections masks worrying trends across Europe.

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Is Italy ready for the Fratelli? (Mike Dotta/shutterstock.com)

After all, elections in Italy are never boring. In fact, they reveal a lot about Italian politics – as well as the current political challenges facing the European Union.

Mario Draghi lost almost unanimous parliamentary support for his post as prime minister in July, including from the two populist parties Movement Cinque Stelle (M5S) and the Law, new elections will take place on Sunday. After just a month of campaigning, polls show that the right-wing bloc of Fratelli d’Italia (FdI), Forza Italy and the Law is on track to win a majority of seats with around 40-45 percent of the vote. Its leading force, the FdI (Brothers of Italy), is a far-right party seen as a natural successor Alleanza Nazionalewhich in turn emerged from neo-fascism Movimento Sociale Italiano Mid 1990s.

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The legacy of the historic changes in Italian party politics over the last century still resonates in this election round. That Mani Pulite (Clean Hands) movement against political corruption of 1992-94, sparked after the April 1992 elections, brought about a collapse of the government in 1993. What followed was a “presidential government” made up of unelected technocrats and Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, a former governor of the Bank of Italy.

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This crisis of “political logic” was the first clear sign of the “complete dismantling of the ideological canopy” under which Italian politics had been hiding since “the settled post-war conflict”. Once mainly the political parties Democracy Christiana and the Partito Comunista Italianochanged their purpose as the political arm of social groups, social ties to societies were dissolved, and parties and party members began to assume very different roles, including that of “brokers”.